Modernization theory believes that social equality is the result of material growth while dependency theory believes that eth dependent country enhances social inequality which can lead to political authoritarianism (modernization theory and dependency theory, 2005. Cultural theory (sometimes known as 'the cultural theory of risk') was developed by mary douglas and aaron wildavskyit suggests that people tend to perceive danger and respond to risk in different ways and that these different ways tend to encourage the development of different social structures. The dependency and world-systems perspectives on development alvin y so division of social science, hong kong university of science and technology, clear the intellectual heritage of dependency theory 21 the ecla the formulation of a distinctly latin american school of development is intimately. Modernization theory is a theory used to explain the process of modernization that a nation goes through as it transitions from a traditional society to a modern one the theory has not been. Dependency theory dependency theory differs from most western approaches to studying political development one difference is that this approach originated in the third world (primarily latin america), rather than among western academics.
Dependency theory suggests that the success of the richer countries was a highly contingent and specific episode in global economic history, one dominated by the highly exploitative colonial relationships of the european powers. Briefly introduce dependency theory dependency theory is a marxist theory, developed in the 1970s as a criticism of modernisation theorythe best known dependency theorist is andre gunder frank underdevelopment is because the west exploits labour and resources in the developing world. Dependency theory rejects the limited national focus of modernization theory and emphasizes the importance of understanding the complexity of imperialism and its role in shaping postcolonial states its main tenet is that the periphery of the international economy is.
Traditionally dependency has been viewed as an economic and/or political relationship, but this article focuses instead on the concept of cultural dependency and then examines tourism as a possible agent for facilitating its development in the west indies, probing in the process the interface between cultural and economic/political dependency. Under a colonial master a fleeting glance at cultural markets reveals that despite o ther competing countries like india, china and mexico, american culture dominates this dependency on american products for arts, entertainment, dressing, and lifestyle changes in general is the major thrust of. Media dependency theory is one of the first theory which regards audience as an active part in communication process the dependency theory is expanded from the theory of uses and gratification according to this theory, there is an internal link between media, audience and large social system. Communication imperialism example resistance dependency theory society depends on media information dependency refers to the passive subordination of the weaker country and does not necessarily mean that there will be a harmful effect on its culture voluntary: when the dominated country decides to.
Cultural theory this term has been applied to diverse attempts to conceptualize and understand the dynamics of culture historically these have involved arguments about the relationship between culture and nature, culture and society (including material social processes), the split between high and low culture, and the interplay between cultural tradition and cultural difference and diversity. Dependency theory is a sociological theory which holds that economic events in history have encouraged developing countries to depend upon the support of. The electronic colonialism theory was used to explain that this dominance by one culture is the modern form of colonialism and has far reaching catastrophic consequences for the dependents and needs to be checked to avoid disaster. Dependency theory was an approach to understanding economic development in terms of historical and economic relations between the developed, industrial countries of the north and the poorer, developing countries of the south.
Cultural dependency theory was emerged in the late 1960’s and 1970’s in latin america it was a criticism of the modernization theory this theory was developed in latin america under the supervision of raul prebisch who was the director of united nations economic commission. ‘little evidence’ for culture of dependency there is little evidence to support the idea of a growing ‘culture of dependency’, according to a study of the causes of poverty the evidence instead highlights the important role for policy – especially on family-related benefits, work incentives and job creation. In short, dependency theory attempts to explain the present underdeveloped state of many nations in the world by examining the patterns of interactions among nations and by arguing that inequality among nations is an intrinsic part of those interactions.
All these points of criticism of the dependency theory must not make us overlook its importance it must be praised not only for bringing to light the weaknesses of the theories of development and under-development but also for its emphasis on the analysis of both the historical process and socio-economic politico-cultural factors of development and underdevelopment. Afolabi os dependency theory and the third world the dependency school arose as a reaction to methropolian or modernization school tendency to attribute all problems of. Some reflections on the dependency theory luke uka uche abstract the challenge facing contemporary scholarship in communication and development is that of boldly addressing the issue of the hegemonic structure development and cultural autonomy became critical and unassailable. Dependency theory is the way that the state of an economy develops as a direct result of external forces political, economic and cultural factors may influence the way that the economy develops using the dependency theory.
Although postcolonial and dependency theory share some common ground, postcolonial theory became a more popular theoretical perspective in the recent years due to their rejection of ethnocentric perspectives and a stronger inclusion of cultural perspectives (kapoor 2002, p 661. A culture of dependency is defined as a type of culture that relies upon, and comes to expect, state benefits and other support to maintain it overall the usage is best related to the neoconservative supply-side view of welfare in the. In order to understand the most important differences between the modernization theory and the dependency theory, we must first understand what these theories mean the modernization theory, becoming popular in the 1950s, was a description and explanation of the processes of the transformation from what was considered “underdeveloped. This paper using the theory of agenda setting and constructionist theory of representation assesses the public relations profession in relation to the value, treatment and power ac-corded to the.